[Rom 3:22-24 NASB] 22 even [the] righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for ALL THOSE WHO BELIEVE; for there is no distinction; 23 for ALL have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;
In Romans 3, Paul is not arguing that God “wants that none should perish” (2 Peter 3:9) or that He “takes no delight in the death of the wicked.” (Ezekiel 33:11) These two ideas are Biblically correct but found elsewhere.
Instead, Paul is making the case that the righteousness of God is received by faith and not by works of the law for “all those who believe.” He stresses that it’s for the Jew and Gentile alike; “for there is no distinction.”
Therefore the indefinite pronoun ALL in verse 23 serves as a “stand-in” antecedent for “all those who believe” from verse 22. Verse 23 says, “For ALL (jew and gentile who believe) have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God, (same ALL) being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus (for ALL those who believe).
Conclusion: Although “death spreads to all men because all sin” (Romans 5:12) Romans 3:23-24 doesn't seem to be making a universal statement about the sinfulness of humanity. It seems to me to be referring to ALL who believe. Otherwise, ALL have sinned and ALL are justified.
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